World Country Flashcards for Kids - Peru cool Facts


Peru is a country in South America. The third largest country in South America, after Brazil and Argentina with a population of 34 million. It is home to a part of the Amazon rainforest.


Official name:  The Republic of Peru

Capital: Lima

Official Language: Spanish

Currency: Sol

Continent: South America

Population: 34 million

Major rivers: Maranon, Huallaga, Ucayali

Major Cities: Cusco, Iquitos, Arequipa

Major Mountains: Coropuna, Huandoy

National Sport: Football

National Bird: The Andean cock-of-the-rock or Tunki

National Tree: The Cinchona

National Animal:  The Vicuna

National Flower: The Cantuta

















Peru is a country on the central western coast of South America facing the Pacific Ocean. The landscape is very varied. It consists of the western coastal plain called costa, high and rugged Andes in the center called Sierra, and the eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin called Selva.

The Coast experiences a semi-arid, subtropical desert climate with an average annual rainfall of 150 mm. Along the southern and central coast, temperatures vary from 13˚–26˚C, with colder months in May and October. The north has a more semi-tropical climate.


Peru's population includes more than 4 million Indigenous people. The Indigenous peoples of Peru, or Native Peruvians, comprise a large number of ethnic groups who inhabit the territory in present-day Peru. Indigenous cultures developed here for thousands of years before the arrival of the Spanish in 1532.

Peruvian culture is the gradual blending of Amerindian cultures with European and African ethnic groups. The ethnic diversity of Peru allowed diverse traditions and customs to co-exist. Peruvian culture has been well influenced by Native culture, Spanish culture, and African culture.


The flag has a vertical triband design, with red outer bands and a single white middle band. The color red represents the blood shed for independence, the color white symbolizes purity and peace. The center of the white band consists of three fields: a vicuna looking inwards; a cinchona tree and a golden cornucopia spilling out gold coins. These symbols represent the natural wealth of Peru.


The most sought sports in Peru are football and volleyball, while traditionally, they played cockfighting, bullfighting, and racing. The Peruvian National Football team has played in the FIFA World Cup five times and has won two Copa America trophies.


Cuzco: Once the famous capital of the Inca Empire, it is now one of the most popular tourist destinations. Located in the middle of the Peruvian Andes is the ancient home of the Inca Civilization. The city is famous for its spectacular main square, cobbled streets, and houses with terracotta tile roofs. A bucket-list destination is rich with archeological ruins, magnificent churches, and top-notch restaurants.

Machu Picchu: A site of ancient Inca ruins located about 80km northwest of Cuzco. 7,000 feet above sea level in the Andes Mountains, Machu Picchu is the most visited tourist destination in Peru. A symbol of the Incan Empire, built around 1450AD. Machu Picchu was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This citadel is made up of temples, palaces, terraces, monuments, walls, and complexes.

Colca canyon: Colca Canyon is located in southern Peru near the city of Arequipa Colca valley, which lies between two volcanoes. It is one of the deepest canyons in the world. Its length is about 70 kilometers. It is a well-known trekking destination.

Rainbow mountains/Vinicunca: The Rainbow Mountain or Vinicunca is a mountain near Cusco in Peru. It is considered a holy site in Peru. The mountain has become a hotspot for international visitors. The mountain is famed for its natural, multi-colored beauty at a staggering 5,200m above sea level. This rainbow-like appearance is created by the sediment of minerals throughout the area giving the mountain turquoise, lavender, gold, and other colors.

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Saffura is a mother of three. She is a yoga instructor and has spent a lot of time teaching yoga for children. She narrates numerous stories to inculcate moral values in children, as she is certain that yoga is for the body and soul. As a mother and yoga instructor,  She enjoys new tasks and likes multitasking. She truly believes that will mould her into a strong writer. As a writer she does a lot of research and pays keen attention to details.

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