World Countries and Capitals Flashcards for kids - Turkey

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Turkey is a peninsular country, that bridges the continents of Asia and Europe.


Official name:  The Republic of Turkey

Capital: Ankara

Official Language: Turkish

Currency: Turkish Lira

Continent: Europe and Asia

Population: 86 million

Major rivers: Euphrates, Tigris

Major Cities: Istanbul, Antalya, Izmir

Major Mountains: Mount Ararat, Mount Taurus, Mount Erciyes

National Sport: Oil Wrestling

National Bird: The Redwing

National Flower: Tulips

National Tree: Turkey Oak

National Animal: The Grey Wolf


Turkey is the largest country in Europe. Turkey is surrounded on three sides by the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Aegean Sea. It is a predominantly mountainous country, and true lowland is confined to the coastal fringes.

The coastal regions have milder climates, the inland Anatolia plateau has hot summers and cold winters with limited rainfall. The Aegean and Mediterranean coasts have cool, rainy winters and hot, moderately dry summers. The Black sea coast receives the greatest amount of rainfall. The south and west coasts enjoy a typical Mediterranean climate, with mild rainy winters, and warm dry summers.


Turkey is largely ethnically homogeneous. In addition to the Turks, there are minority groups who originate from the Caucasus and the Balkans. the Kurds are the largest minority, followed by Arabs, Armenians, and Greek sand culture. Turkish culture is known for its generous spirit and marvelous hospitality. Turkish people are incredibly friendly, love to help, and are very inquisitive.

Turkish cuisine includes many different stews of vegetables and meat (lamb and beef primarily) and sourdough bread eaten with almost every meal. Borek is a pastry made of many thin layers of dough interspersed with cheese, spinach, and/or ground meat. Kebab is the common word for meat roasted in pieces or slices on a skewer or as meatballs on a grill. Turkish favorite baklava – this classic flaky, sweet, pistachio-infused delight of a dessert is always a winner.


The Turkish flag has a red background with a crescent moon and a white star at the center. The crescent moon is used in honor of the religious affiliations of the nation and its people, while the white star represents the diversity of Turkish cultures.


Turkey is the original home of showy blooms, including crocuses, snowdrops, and lilies. Other indigenous plants that grow in various parts of the country include figs, apricots, cherries, sour cherries, almonds, hazelnuts, chickpeas, and lentils.

Principal varieties of wild animals are the fallow deer, red deer, roe deer, eastern mouflon, wild boar, hare, Turkish leopard, brown bear, red fox, gazelle, beech marten, pine marten, wildcat, lynx, otter, and badger.


Mount Nemrut: Mount Nemrut is a 2,134-metre-high mountain in southeastern Turkey, notable for the summit where several large statues are erected around what is assumed to be a royal tomb from the 1st century BC. It is known to contain the tombs of King Antiochus I.

Cappadocia: Cappadocia is a beautiful region in central Turkey famous for its fairytale scenery, cave dwellings, remarkable rock formations, and, of course, the hundreds of hot air balloons that soar in the sky during sunrise each morning.

Ruins of Ephesus: Ephesus was an ancient port city whose well-preserved ruins are in modern-day Turkey. The most breathtaking piece of architecture in Ephesus is the Great Theatre. Erected on the slope of Mt. Pion, towering over the city at 100 feet with a capacity of a massive 25,000 people.

Ancient Troy, Hissarlik:  Troy is located on the mound of Hissarlik, which overlooks the plain along the Turkish Aegean coast. Troy is an ancient city and archaeological site in modern-day Turkey. For many years, it was believed that the city was only in stories until it was found.

Hagia Sofia: The Hagia Sophia, whose name means “holy wisdom”. Built 1,500 years ago as an Orthodox Christian cathedral, Hagia Sophia was converted into a mosque after the Ottoman conquest in 1453. In 1934 it became a museum and is now a UNESCO World Heritage site.

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Saffura is a mother of three. She is a yoga instructor and has spent a lot of time teaching yoga for children. She narrates numerous stories to inculcate moral values in children, as she is certain that yoga is for the body and soul. As a mother and yoga instructor,  She enjoys new tasks and likes multitasking. She truly believes that will mould her into a strong writer. As a writer she does a lot of research and pays keen attention to details.


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