Indian States and Capitals For Kids - Jharkhand

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Jharkhand is called 'the land of forests, it  is a state in eastern India. The state shares its border with the states of West Bengal to the east, Chhattisgarh to the west, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Bihar to the north and Odisha to the south. The city of Ranchi is its capital and Dumka its sub-capital. The state is known for its waterfalls, hills and holy places

Hindi is the official language of the state. The state was formed on 15th November 2000, after carving out what was previously the southern half of Bihar.

Here are some other cool facts about the state of India,


Much of Jharkhand lies on the Chota Nagpur Plateau. Many rivers pass through the Chota Nagpur plateau. They are: Damodar, North Koel, Barakar, South Koel, Sankh and Subarnarekha rivers. Much of the Jharkhand state is still enclosed by forest. Forests sustain  a good population of elephants and tigers


Climate of Jharkhand varies from Humid subtropical in the north to tropical wet and dry in the south-east. The main seasons are summer, rainy, autumn, winter and spring. The summer lasts from mid-April to mid-June. May, the hottest month. The winter season lasts from November to February. The temperatures in Ranchi in December usually vary from 10–24 °C



Jharkhand has several towns and innumerable villages with civic amenities. Urbanization ratio is 24.1%. Jharkhand also has immense mineral resources. Agriculture is another sector in the economy of Jharkhand which helps the economy to grow. In Jharkhand, farmers produce several crops such as rice, wheat, maize, pulses, potatoes, and vegetables such as tomato, carrots, cabbage, brinjal, pumpkin, and papaya. The other Industries are cottage industry and IT industry



Staple foods of Jharkhand are rice, dal, vegetable and tubers. Spices are sparingly used in cuisine. Famous dishes include Chilka roti, Malpua, Pitha, Dhooska, Arsa roti, Dudhauri, and Panipuri . Rugra and Putoo is a type of edible mushroom that is grown extensively in Jharkhand and harvested during the rainy months


Hinduism is the majority religion in the state at 67.8%, followed by Islam at 14.5% and Christianity at 4.3%.

There are several Folk dance in Jharkhand such as:Jhumair, Mardana Jhumair, Janani Jhumair, Domkach, Lahasua, Vinsariya, Jhumta, Fagua, Angnai, Paika, Chhau, Firkal, Mundari and Santali dance.

 The Sohrai and Khovar painting is a mural art form practiced by women. Sohrai painting is traditionally done at the Sohrai harvest festival, while Khovar painting is done at weddings.

MONUMENTS/Places to Visit

Jharkhand is known for its waterfalls, hills and holy places. Parasnath, Baidyanath Dham, Maa Dewri Temple and Chhinnamasta Temple are major religious places..

Tattapani Hot Water Spring is located here too

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