World Country Flag Flash cards - China

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It is the largest of all Asian countries and has the highest population of any country in the world. China spans five geographical time zones and borders fourteen countries by land, the most of any country in the world.


Official name: People’s Republic of China

Capital: Beijing

Official Language: Mandarin

Currency: Renminbi

Continent: Asia

Population: 1.413 million

Major rivers: Yangtze river, Yellow river, Mekong river

Major Cities: Shanghai, Chongqing, Tianjin

Major Mountains: Emei, Everest, Huashan, Jiuhua shan

National Bird: The Red-Crowned Crane

National Tree: The Ginkgo

National Animal:  The Giant Panda

National Fruit: Fuzzy Kiwi fruit

National flower: The Plum Blossom



The vast land expanses of China include plateaus, plains, basins, foothills, mountains, high plateaus, sandy deserts, and dense forests. One-third of China's land area is made up of mountains. The land is high in the west and descends to the east coast. China has over 1,500 rivers.

China is a huge country and has a great variety of climates. Southern China experiences a tropical climate, with high temperatures and heavy rainfall particularly during the summer while the mountainous regions of Southwestern China experience more moderate temperatures.


China's indigenous peoples are generally referred to as "minority nationalities". China serves as home to 56 official ethnic groups. The largest group, the Han, makes up over 92% of China's vast population. Only one other group – Zhuang – has a larger than 1% share of the population.

Chinese culture is one of the world's oldest cultures, tracing back to thousands of years ago. The Chinese traditional cultural values of harmony, benevolence, righteousness, courtesy, wisdom, honesty, and loyalty.

The cuisine is heavily influenced by geography and ethnic diversity. Among the main styles of Chinese cooking are Cantonese, which features stir-fried dishes, and Szechuan, which relies heavily on the use of peanuts, sesame paste, and ginger and is known for its spiciness. Rice is not only a major food source in China; it is also a major element that helped grow their society.


The flag of the Republic of China s a red field with five golden stars in the canton. Red represents the traditional color of the people, and the gold stars represent Communism as well as China's social classes.


The country has over 31,000 native plant species. Chrysanthemums, Chinese Roses, Peonies, Lotus, Plum Blossom, Camellia, Azalea, and Hibiscus are some of the flowers that play a significant role in Chinese culture. The metasequoia, Chinese cypress, Cathay silver fir, China fir, golden larch, Taiwan fir, Fujian cypress, dove tree, and eucommia are native trees of this region.

Animal species that are only found in China include giant pandas, Tibetan macaques, Chinese giant salamanders, golden snub-nosed monkeys, and Chinese sturgeons. Ducks, geese, and waterfowl, Pheasants, grouse, allies, Flamingos, Grebes, Pigeons and doves, Sandgrouse, Bustards, and Cuckoos are the native birds of China. 


The most popular Chinese sports are table tennis, basketball, football, badminton, running, volleyball, and baseball. In winter, the most favorite Chinese sports include figure skating, skiing, snowboarding, cricket


Great wall of China: The Great Wall of China was built over centuries by China's emperors to protect their territory. Today, it stretches for thousands of miles along China's historic northern border. the Great Wall has a history of over 2,000 years. The wall is the longest man-made structure in the world, with a total length of about 13170.7 mi or 21196.18 km. Made over the course of hundreds of years, the wall was built by over six different Chinese dynasties.

Tianjin Eye: Tianjin Eye, is a 120-meter-tall giant Ferris wheel built above the Yongle Bridge, over the Hai River in Tianjin, China. The observation wheel is 394 feet tall. 48 cabins can hold up to eight people at a time, resulting in a seating capacity of 384 passengers. The duration of the ride is 30 minutes.

Leifeng Pagoda: Pagoda means a tall religious building in Asia with many levels The Leifeng Pagoda stands on Leifeng Peak of Sunset Hill to the south of West Lake, Zhejiang, China.  Leifeng Pagoda is a five-story tall tower with eight sides. Originally constructed in the year AD 975, it collapsed in 1924 but was rebuilt in 2002. Since then, it has become a popular tourist attraction

Great wild goose pagoda: The pagoda currently stands at a height of 64 m (210 ft) tall and from the top, it offers views over the city of Xi'an. The tower sits inside the Daci'en Temple complex. It is a true monument to Buddhist culture and architecture. This pagoda was added to the World Heritage List.

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