Singapore Important facts for kids - Flashcards

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Singapore is a very small, heavily urbanized, island city-state in Southeast Asia, located at the end of the Malayan Peninsula between Malaysia and Indonesia.


Official name: The Republic of Singapore

Capital: Singapore city

Official Language: English, Singaporean, Mandarin, Malay, Tamil

Currency: Singapore dollar

Continent: Asia

Population: 5.7million

Major rivers: Kallang, Rochor, Geylang

Major Cities: Hougang, Tampines, Yishun

Major Mountains: Bukit Kalang, Bukit Timah, Faber

National Sport: Football

National Bird: The Crimpson sunbird

National Tree: The Tembusu

National Animal:  The Lion

National Fruit: Durian

National flower: Singapore Orchid



Singapore’s land area includes as many as 64 offshore islands that surround the main island. Hills and valleys of sedimentary rock dominate the northwest, while the eastern region consists of sandy and flatter land. Singapore has no natural lakes. Reservoirs have been constructed to store fresh water for Singapore's water supply.

Singapore is situated near the equator and has a typically tropical climate, with abundant rainfall, high and uniform temperatures, and high humidity all year round. Many of its climate variables, such as temperature and relative humidity, do not show large month-to-month variation.



Malay Singaporeans are a local ethnic group in Singapore, recognized as the indigenous people of the country. The main minority groups are Malays, 13.6%, Indians, 8.8%, Eurasians, and others, 2.4%. The Chinese are by far the majority in Singapore, representing about 75 percent of the total population.

The Chinese in Singapore make up Singapore's largest ethnic group. It's no surprise then that Chinese culture—from the language and food to entertainment and festivals—features prominently in Singapore. While Malay and Indian traditions coexist.

Chicken rice-Regularly referred to as Singapore's national dish. The rice is cooked in chicken stock, ensuring a burst of flavor with every bite. Go for the steamed chicken option, served with thick sweet soy sauce, chili and ginger.



The design is a horizontal bicolor of red above white, overlaid in the canton by a white crescent moon facing a pentagon of five small white five-pointed stars. The elements of the flag denote a young nation on the ascendant, universal brotherhood and equality, and national ideals.


Singapore, while small in size, actually boasts a mind-boggling array of 2,200 plant species on record. Some beautiful plants found all over Singapore are Bougainville, Sugar Palm, Sun Dew, Butterfly Pea, Traveler’s Palm, and Wormwood. Trees that are native to the place are Rain Tree, Angsana, Yellow Flame, Senegal Mahogany, Broad-leafed Mahogany, Tembusu, Sea Apple, Saga, Trumpet Tree, and Sea Almond.

Singapore has about 65 species of mammals, more than 300 butterfly species, 390 species of birds, 110 species of reptiles, 30 species of amphibians, 127 dragonfly species, and over 2,000 recorded species of marine wildlife.  Majestic Species Found here are Lesser Mouse-Deer, Singapore Whiskered Myotis, Banded Leaf Monkey, Dugong, Wild Pig, Pied Oriental Hornbill, Dolphins, and Sea turtles.


Singaporeans participate in a wide variety of sports for recreation as well as for competition. Popular sports include football, basketball, cricket, rugby union, swimming, badminton, and cycling.


Marina bay sands: A mesmerizing resort notable for transforming Singapore's city skyline, it comprises three 55-story towers of extravagant hotel rooms and luxury suites with personal butler services. Marina Bay Sands’ 2,561-room hotel is the largest hotel in Singapore, the 6th largest in Asia, and the 34th largest in the world.

Sentosa: Sentosa is a sunny island in Singapore, home to exciting events, themed attractions, award-winning spas, lush rainforests, and golden sandy beaches. From thrilling aquatic adventures and ziplining to relaxing cable car rides, one should discover all the exciting attractions that Sentosa has to offer.

Art Science Museum: Art Science Museum is an iconic cultural landmark in Singapore. Have an immersive, educational experience and learn about art, space, technology, and more at Art Science Museum.

Gardens by the bay: Gardens by the Bay is a sanctuary for nature lovers and budding horticulturalists. It is a nature park spanning 101 hectares (250 acres) in the Central Region of Singapore. The park consists of three waterfront gardens: Bay South Garden, Bay East Garden, and Bay Central Garden.

Merlion: Merlion Park is a famous Singapore landmark and a major tourist attraction, located at One Fullerton, Singapore. Merlion is a mythical creature with a lion's head and the body of a fish that is widely used as a mascot and national personification of Singapore. Spouting water from its mouth, the Merlion statue stands at 8.6 meters and weighs 70 tons.

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