India States and Capitals Facts for Kids - Assam

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Assam is a state in north-eastern India, south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. Assam covers an area of 78,438 km2. Assamese and Bodo are the official languages of Assam, while Bengali is official in the Barak Valley. The capital of Assam is Dispur.

Here are some other cool facts about the state of India.


Assam is known for Assam tea and Assam silk. The state was the first site for oil drilling in Asia.  Assam is home to the one-horned Indian rhinoceros, along with the wild water buffalo, pygmy hog, tiger and various species of Asiatic birds, and provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant.

Guwahati is also referred to as the "Gateway to the North-East India". Silchar, (in the Barak valley) is the second most populous city in Assam and an important centre of business


A significant geographical aspect of Assam is that it contains three of six physiographic divisions of India – The Northern Himalayas (Eastern Hills), The Northern Plains (Brahmaputra plain) and Deccan Plateau (Karbi Anglong). As the Brahmaputra flows in Assam the climate here is cold and there is rainfall most of the month. Geomorphic studies conclude that the Brahmaputra, the life-line of Assam, is an antecedent river older than the Himalayas


The climate in Assam has heavy monsoon downpours reducing summer temperatures and affecting foggy nights and mornings in winters, frequent during the afternoons. It is also affected by floods, which cause a lot of damage.


Agriculture makes the highest contribution to its domestic sectors, accounting for more than a third of Assam's income and employs 69% of workforce.  Assam's biggest contribution to the world is Assam tea.


Assamese meal consists of many things such as  rice, with dal, Fish stew,  meat stew and stir fried greens or herbs and vegetables. Khorisa (fermented bamboo shoots) are used at times to flavour curries


.There are diversified important traditional festivals in Assam. Bihu is the most important and common and celebrated all over Assam.

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